Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and involves fasting each day. Muslims must abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, sex and sinful behavior during the day. They have a meal in the early hours before sunrise and another in the evening.
At the end of the month, the fast is broken with a celebration called Eid-al-Fitr. The Eid celebrations in Birmingham attract tens of thousands of people and are among the largest in the UK.
Muslims face 19 hours a day without food and drink during Ramadan - find out the timings of the daily fast.
See here: Iftar and Sehri Dua in Ramadan / Ramzan
Below: expert talks about the origins of Ramadan
For anyone observing Ramadan, it is best to plan the day properly so that you get time to prepare a good meal before dawn and know when you'll be able to eat again in the evening.
This is particularly important in 2016 because Ramadan returned to the calendar to cover the period of more daylight in view of St. John.
This means long hours of fasting, in what will be the toughest Ramadan in this century.
Fasting actually begins before sunrise after fajr prayer called. This year, it means 19 hours without food or drink every day - and this was during the current heat wave.
Birmingham Ramadan Timetable 2016
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Photo source: Birmingham Central Mosque